Saturday, February 22, 2020
The Role of IMF and The World Bank in helping countries to overcome their economic problems - Essay Example This paper describes the activities, performed by the IMF and the World Bank, in order to ensure sustainable growth of the world economy, financial stability and to reduce to some degree negative developments, such as poverty and unemployment. The issue of global economy is no doubt a critical element in today`s world. An economy is essential in micro and macro levels in order to sustain communities. In order to sustain the financial well-beings of countries, banks have been established to facilitate the process of a healthy economy. The World Bank and IMF are two of the largest institutions that are a critical component towards the vitality of underdeveloped countries. The IMF ensures the stability of the global finance system by regulating exchange rates, analyzing devaluations, and overseeing balance of payments.The IMF works on a Ã¢â¬Å"quota basisÃ¢â¬ in which a nationÃ¢â¬â¢s contributions are based on its weight in the international economy. The more Ã¢â¬Å"quotasÃ¢â¬ that a nation possesses the more borrowing capacity it has. Under-developed countries are able to seek and receive aid. The Consumer Price Index (CPI) enables the World Bank to examine the financial being of the well-being of the nation that is in need of assistance. The Bank also has a sub-committee known as the International Development Association. The IDA facilitates the bank process of allocating resources to certain programs. The aim of the bank is to use CPI in order to assess how conductive a countryÃ¢â¬â¢s policy and institutional framework.
Thursday, February 6, 2020
Leading Group Challenges Paper - Essay Example There have been a significant number of literatures covering the nature, theories and applications of leadership and its effect to job performance and satisfaction. The diverse patterns of behavior and actions that leaders exhibit over a period of time and perceived by followers have been identified as the dominant style of leadership. This style is developed utilizing an interplay of factors which shape leadership development. In this regard, the essay is written to proffer challenges of leading groups in a criminal justice organization. Particularly, a description of the challenges currently faced by criminal justice leaders would be included in the discourse; as well as predictions of the challenges that will be faced over the next 5 years. Leadership is the process of influencing people to work or act towards the attainment of specifically defined goals (Martires & Fule 2000: 569). Ã¢â¬Å"Leadership is a process whereby an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goalÃ¢â¬ (Northouse, 2004). Authors Lussier & Achua (2004) define leadership as Ã¢â¬Å"the influencing process of leaders and followers to achieve organizational objectives through changesÃ¢â¬ . And Schermerhorn, Hunt, & Osborn (2008, 243) state leadership as Ã¢â¬Å"the process of influencing others to understand and agree about what needs to be done and how to do it, and the process of facilitating individual and collective efforts to accomplish shared objectivesÃ¢â¬ . All authors share the same conviction who perceived leadership as a process of influencing others. Further, all authors conform to the following factors as relevant components of the leadership process: (1) influencing people; (2) towards the achievement of a goal. There is the component of influence by exerting the ability to develop and communicate that vision to a group of people who would make that vision come true. According to McKinney (2008, par. 1),
Tuesday, January 28, 2020
African American Dance Essay Assignment: After viewing the video Dance on the Wind: Memoirs of a Mississippi Shaman what is your opinion of the connection that Mr. Washington makes between African dance and African American Dance? Do you agree or disagree? Please be specific as to why and use examples. If you agree give an example of a popular African American dance in which you see the connection with African Dance. Your assignment should be in essay format and a minimum of one page typed. My Response: The connection in my opinion is the Mr. Washington made a connection between African-American Dance from his child-hood memories because his parents had to complete personalities as for his motherÃ¢â¬â¢s side of the family he took the memories of the dancing in church and being in the mist of the Holy Spirit and brainstormed some stick figures and contemplated on how his body could smoothly get through each step flawlessly. As for his father side of the family enjoyed dancing every. Saturday and he realized the common factor was the rhythm and blues and that they each danced to feel freedom and immortality and to show enjoyment and fulfillment of hard work. As he grew older he gained more access to the world and traveling. So he went a paid his ancient ancestors, he was amazed at what he saw and immediately put himself in his ancestors shoes. Culturally he is an American but religiously, spiritually he is an African American. So the connection was the rhythm and blues and the ancestorsÃ¢â¬â¢ roots of music.
Monday, January 20, 2020
A world famous Essayist, a Novelist, and Critic, George Orwell is a name most people have heard at one point in their lives. His work continues to be used for educational purposes and held to a very high standard by many. Best remembered for his twin satires on totalitarianism, Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four, Orwell was a major participant in the British socialist movement. Although championing a radical politics of collective ownership, he extolled tradition and love of country while drawing a sharp distinction between patriotism and nationalism ("ORWELL, GEORGE." ). He was born into a poor but proud middle class family in Moti-hari, Bengal, India as Eric Arthur Blair. His surname, George Orwell, stuck with him after writing his first book Down and Out in Paris and London. This title was regarding his experiences of how his upbringing left him with feelings of great guilt, and how he then chose to live in squalor for a period of his life. With unemployment rates extremely high in the 1930Ã¢â¬â¢s he chose to join the labors and beggars and lived in low income lodging in London and Paris. He wondered the streets with professional vagrants and lived and learned their way of life. For Orwell this brought him closer to his roots and was an experience he has to live (Ã¢â¬Å"George Orwell.Ã¢â¬ ). Orwell was raised in England by his mother Ida, but he was often separated from his father Richard Orwell; who spent his time working in India. His reputation among the people led him to be known as young and eccentric but withdrawn by most people who knew him. Orwell made an interesting reputation for himself, as a brilliant but poverty stricken writer. His determination led him to many good things; Orwell was awarded two scholarships to what were ... ...ell. Printer Publishers, 1991. 85-92. Rpt. In short Stories for Students. Ed. Kathleen Wilson and Marie Lazzari. Vol. 4 Detroit: Gale, 1998. Literature Resource Center. Web. 9 Feb. 2012 Orwell, George, and George Packer. Facing Unpleasant Facts: Narrative Essays. Orlando: Harcourt, 2008. 23-28. Print. "ORWELL, GEORGE." Encyclopedia of Nationalism: Leaders, Movements, and Concepts. Oxford: Elsevier Science & Technology, 2000. Credo Reference. Web. 08 April 2012. "Orwell, George (pseudonym of George Orwell) (1903 - 1950)." The Bloomsbury Dictionary of English Literature. London: Bloomsbury Publishing Ltd, 1997. Credo Reference. Web. 12 March 2012. Rodden, John. Ã¢â¬Å"View To A Kill.Ã¢â¬ AmGeorgean Conservative 10.9 (2011): 33. MasterFILE Premier. Web. 08 Mar. 2012 Sheldon, Michael. Orwell: The Authorized Biography. New York: Harper Collins, 1991. 53-340. Print.
Sunday, January 12, 2020
Options for dealing with risk WalmartÃ¢â¬â¢s hiring practices could improve the situation by managing the hiring practices at the managerÃ¢â¬â¢s level. Even though the company has a Ã¢â¬Ëno discriminationÃ¢â¬â¢ policy, giving full responsibility to the manager at the local level may promote prejudices that the managers themselves are not aware of . These prejudices might include providing higher salaries to male workers and a tendency to promote men over women. In the wake of the recent developments, Walmart has initiated several steps to win back the support of the women.Women comprise 70% of WalmartÃ¢â¬â¢s work force at the floor level. Yet, women only comprise 33% of WalmartÃ¢â¬â¢s management. There is no doubt that Walmart has to put policies in place that encourage and promote female employees. We propose the following options for dealing with the issue: 1. The statistics presented at the court hearing have shown that women were paid 80% of wages that men were paid f or doing the same job. The difference of pay has to be leveled immediately.Walmart can make no excuses for paying differently for the same job. If the manager at the local level is responsible for hiring and compensation, policies should strictly reinstate the need for equal pay. 2. Walmart need a woman CEO or atleast 50% women on the board of directors and 50% women in the management. Walmart is a company that is comprised mostly of women at the floor level. The customers who shop most at Walmart are also women. The company cannot but take seriously the group that comprises its largest consumer group.In the wake of the recent developments, Walmart has realized that a company is only as good as its last good deed. Walmart has used . In a New York TImes article dated September 14, 2011, Walmart announced that it planned to spend $ 20 billion over the next five years trying to source materials from women owned businesses. The article made headlines under the name Ã¢â¬Å"Walmart to Ann ounce women friendly plansÃ¢â¬ as the company faced the possibility of being sued by independent plaintiffs after the class action law suit had been dismissed.
Saturday, January 4, 2020
Astonishingly in 2013 there were 45.3 million people living in poverty out of the 316.5 million inhabitants of the United States of America. That means about 14.5% of people live below the poverty line, which is an extremely large amount for such a lucrative world dominating country. Poverty is a very serious issue in the United States and has devastating effects, yet it continues to effect massive amounts of people. It is essential that Americans make the necessary changes to combat poverty because those living in poverty often experience a decrease in academic performance, lack of employment opportunities, and a lack of proper health because poverty prevents a good overall quality of life. Foremost, people who live in poverty may experience extreme disturbances, which can negativity effect a childÃ¢â¬â¢s performance at school because these events are often mentally scaring. Poverties.org in an article Ã¢â¬Å"Investing in Children in Poverty Their ParentsÃ¢â¬ reasons that adul ts living in poverty often Ã¢â¬Å"lose a sensitivity that is vital for the healthy development of childrenÃ¢â¬ and this frequently results in detrimental effects both physically and mentally on their children. The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness written by Michelle Alexander, which is focused on the fact that Ã¢â¬Å"too many fathers are missing from too many lives and too many homesÃ¢â¬ according to Barack Obama the President of the United States (178). The Ã¢â¬Å"mass incarceration of people of colorÃ¢â¬ isShow MoreRelatedEffects Of Poverty On Children1553 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesHow Poverty Effects Children Makayla Ray University of Alabama in Birmingham Abstract This literature review of twelve previously published research articles has focused on summarizing some of the effects of poverty on children. The selected articles all focused on the major effect of poverty on children, and were sorted into four sub-categories or themes based upon a specific focus areas of this complex and not yet fully understood issue. These themes included developmental, educationalRead MorePoverty And Its Effects On Children Essay1111 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEdgar Perez Mrs. Prince ENG 1113 16 November 2016 Poverty in America As of 2013 approximately 45 million people in America lived below the poverty line. In an average three-person household, an annual income of $20,090 is federally considered to be at poverty level. In the year of 2014, 44 percent of children under the age of 18 were living at or below the poverty level. Coming from a low economic standing can be detrimental for childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s physical and mental states. Pursuing a higher educationRead MoreEffects Of Poverty On Children1554 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEffects of Poverty on Children Makayla Ray University of Alabama in Birmingham Abstract This literature review of twelve previously published research articles has focused on summarizing some of the effects of poverty on children. The selected articles all focused on the major effect of poverty on children, and were sorted into four sub-categories or themes based upon a specific focus areas of this complex and not yet fully understood issue. These themes included developmental, educationalRead MorePoverty And Its Effects On Children859 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPoverty is existing worldwide epidemic and it is affecting millions of adults and children mentally, physically and emotionally .Poverty is the inability to purchase or have access to the basic human needs. This includes food, shelter, education, clean water and proper sanitation .It depends not only on income but also on access to services. In 1998 a UN Statement on poverty, signed by the heads of all UN agencies stated: defines poverty as Ã¢â¬Å"the denial of choices and opportunities, violation of humanRead MorePo verty And Its Effects On Children1377 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPoverty Poverty is a chronic issue not just within the United States but throughout the whole world, but one thing that people tend to overlook is the effect that poverty has on childhood. Many children grow up in poverty and the effects can last for a life time. For many of these kids who grow up in these conditions the effects include poor health, a high risk for teen pregnancy, and the lack of an education. Poor health is a direct of effect of poverty, children with families with no money orRead MorePoverty And Its Effects On Children985 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPoverty doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have preferences, it doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t choose people by race, religion, or age. Many people donÃ¢â¬â¢t see the effects poverty has on people or sometimes they donÃ¢â¬â¢t care but you should. What if you were put in the situation where you lost everything and werenÃ¢â¬â¢t able to recover. Now imagine this is your child. Many people put a generic face upon poverty. Usually they see the poor African American person, or the old man who looks dirty, or even the woman who is selling her body just to buy a biteRead MorePoverty And Its Effects On Children1771 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages What is poverty? For people who do not know what poverty is, the Merriam- Webster dictionary defines it as Ã¢â¬Å"the state of one who lacks a usual or socially acceptable amount of money or material possessionsÃ¢â¬ (Poverty). To make it even easier it is basically the state of being extremely poor. Poverty is a huge global issue and it can affect anyone. Whether the person is young or old, male or female. Poverty does not discriminate against people, which is why people should not sit back and ignoreRead MorePoverty And Its Effects On Children945 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPOVERTY MALNOURISHMENT Childhood and adolescence are expected to be the times of great functioning and physical health, yet poverty provokes this from occurring and children face poor health. Children living in poverty are at immense risk for their development, health and overall well-being. According to Komro, 2011, the absolute rate of poverty among children is higher in the United States than in other industrialized nations. Nationally, One in five children are living in poverty (Raphel,Read MorePoverty And Its Effects On Children942 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesand physical health, yet poverty provokes this from occurring and children face poor health. Children living in poverty are at immense risk for their development, health and overall well-being. According to Komro, 2011, the absolute rate of poverty among children is higher in the United States than in other industrialized nations. Nationally, One in five children are living in poverty (Raphel, 2014). Malnourishment is one of the numerous outcomes fr om poverty; children are suffering each day inRead MoreThe Effects of Poverty on Children Essay1217 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages When analyzing children growing up in poverty a lot of factors come into play such as their physical, psychological and emotional development. To grow up in poverty can have long term effect on a child. What should be emphasized in analyzing the effects of poverty on children is how it has caused many children around the world to suffer from physical disorders, malnutrition, and even diminishes their capacities to function in society. Poverty has played a major role in the functioning of families
Friday, December 27, 2019
Waiting For Godot By Samuel Beckett Ã¢â¬Å"Nothing happens. Nobody comes, nobody goes. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s awful.Ã¢â¬ How far do you agree? Initially written in French in 1948 as Ã¢â¬Å"En Attendant GodotÃ¢â¬ , Samuel BeckettÃ¢â¬â¢s play was first staged in 1952, in Paris. It represents one of the most important movements of the twentieth century and is an example of the so-called Ã¢â¬Å"Theatre of the AbsurdÃ¢â¬ , which had subsequently inspired numerous plays that were based on the idea of an illogical universe. The plot of the play is fairly simple and is, in fact, purely a development of its title. Its description is rather ambiguous, for while one may think that no action whatsoever takes place throughout the play, another might suppose otherwise. Principally, the story includesÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦They now lead a meaningless life (as meaningless as their constant exclamations and unsuccessful conversations), losing track of time and memory, passing time, existing: Estragon: Ã¢â¬Å"We always find something, eh Didi, to give us the impression we exist?Ã¢â¬ They merely exist, breathe, walk and eat. All these verbs are included in the play, for they give us the illusion of reality on the stage. However, far from that, the vagabonds are simply emblems of despair. These religious beliefs prevail in the play, placing faith under the spotlight of doubt. It is a scandalous topic, but it is presented in a somewhat naive manner: Estragon and Vladimir themselves hardly known what Christianity is; they consider the Biblical story an anecdote, for they know nothing of it. Beckett seems to doubt the necessity of religion without the basic knowledge of biblical myths, which, in our days, is a highly common occurrence. Nonetheless both Estragon and Vladimir believe in the existence of Godot, whose prophet descended seven skies to deliver a message. They do question his identity and distrust his facelessness and Estragon at times is ready to quit the worthless act of waiting, but scolded by Vladimir, remains immobile. Estragon: Ã¢â¬Å"I cannot seem to depart.Ã¢â¬ Estragon can see the logic of renouncing this lifestyle clearly, but neither can do itShow MoreRelatedWaiting for Godot - Samuel Beckett Nothing Happens, Nobody Comes, Nobody Goes Analysis1331 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWaiting For Godot By Samuel Beckett Ã¢â¬Å"Nothing happens. Nobody comes, nobody goes. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s awful.Ã¢â¬ How far do you agree? Initially written in French in 1948 as Ã¢â¬Å"En Attendant GodotÃ¢â¬ , Samuel BeckettÃ¢â¬â¢s play was first staged in 1952, in Paris. It represents one of the most important movements of the twentieth century and is an example of the so-called Ã¢â¬Å"Theatre of the AbsurdÃ¢â¬ , which had subsequently inspired numerous plays that were based on the idea of an illogical universe. The plot of the playRead MoreEssay Writing9260 Words Ã |Ã 38 Pagesopinion plays a significant role in the process. However, a certain objective standard needs to be maintained and, as in a persuasive essay, your assertions need to be proved. The formality of the review will be determined by how much of the essay is analysis, how much is summary, and how much is your reaction to the work you are reviewing. A more formal review will not only discuss the work on its own merits but also place it in context. Newspapers and popular magazines tend to review in terms of finance: